If you’re curious about early tractors, consider the so-called steam traction engines or “steamers.” At the turn of the 20th century, steam vied with draft animals as the primary source of agricultural power. Steam traction engines were used to pull ag machinery such as combines or harvesters (hence the term “traction”), or they could be driven into the fields to power drive belts for other equipment. The 1915 Russell Steamer, currently on display at the museum, is connected by a drive belt to a Waterloo thresher (see the photo above).
The Russell Steamer was manufactured by Russell and Company in Massillon, Ohio. It is 18 feet long, weighs 17,350 pounds, and moves at the glacial pace of 2.1 miles per hour. The Russell Steamer is powered by a standard boiler that can run on wood, coal, or straw. Fuel could be stored in the tank on the right rear of the steamer.
Russell steam traction engines were not known for their innovative design, but for their ease of use and maintenance. All moving parts were located in plain sight and were easily accessible to the lay mechanic. This made it simple for a farmer to adjust and repair a steamer using ordinary tools.
Like any vehicle, the Russell Steamer needs regular attention to keep it in good running order, and will be reconditioned in 2014. Once reconditioning is complete, you’ll be able to see it in operation at the Museum in all its noisy, smoky glory.
Won’t you help us bring this remarkable piece of machinery back to life? Consider making a donation today! Simply visit our website at http://www.aghistory.org/support-us/donate/ and select the Russell Steamer option in the drop-down menu.